Metal fabrication is usually very common in industries that involve manufacturing as well as construction. During this process, raw materials are converted into processed metal sheets that are utilized in making buildings, machines and bridges. Most manufacturers prefer using structural steel during fabrication because it has good qualities such as durability, flexibility as well as being tensile. During steel fabrication, steel sections are made using various fabrication processes. Some of these processes include cutting, folding, machining, punching, shearing, stamping as well as welding. Cutting is the first stage of metal fabrication. Lasers, water jet, plasma torch as well as a saw are some of the tools used in cutting of steel. Other cutting techniques used include chiseling, numerical control as well as shearing.
During folding, a process called press brake is used. Certain steel sections are made through bending or folding of steel. Folding helps to air-bend a sheet of metal into the desired form for ease of use. In order to form a crease on the metal sheet, the press brake used has a set of dies within it that pinch the steel metal forming the crease. After folding, the steel goes through machining whereby unwanted materials are removed from the steel metal in order to come up with a desired shape. During this process, the metal designer can either choose to use a rotating cutting tool on a stationary metal piece or rotate the metal piece against a tool used for cutting.
In order to create a hole in a metal sheet, it is punched using a punch press. One should ensure that the die and punch are of the same shape for the hole shape to be perfect on the metal. The process of die cutting or shearing is done in order to cut straight lines onto a flat metal stock. A die is used in stamping with a portion of the metal raised. During welding, there are two metal sheets that are attached in order to make a larger structure. During welding, metal designers make use of various tactics that depend on the metal and its structure.
Steel fabrication is very effective as it helps to strengthen the metal in terms of its quality. This makes the steel more suitable for use especially in commercially designed buildings. Steel produced as a result of welding is also ideal for use during projects in the energy sector. Clients usually offer their specifications to metal designers in order to get their desired metal. Fabricated steel is preferred by most clients since it is cheaper unlike other alternatives. The process of fabricating structural steel is very cost-effective making it favorable.
Structural steel is used in various sectors such as infrastructure, oil and gas, transport, manufacturing and construction.